In Gurmukhi, Hindi is the most commonly used language for writing. It is similar to Gujarati and Urdu. Punjabi, Rajasthani and Sindhi also share a lot in common with it, albeit with a strong and different accent. Hindi comes from the old Sanskrit language. Hence, it shares a lot of vocabulary and tradition with Sanskrit and there is also a large amount of Sanskrit loan-words in modern Hindi. It was first brought to Punjab during the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Today, it has a virtual monopoly over Punjabi and is the second most common language in the Indian subcontinent. The parallelism between the Punjabi and the Hindi languages lies mainly in their alphabet. Hindi uses the Devanagari script, while Punjabi uses the Shahmukhi script. Hindi and other Indo-Aryan languages are spoken natively by more than 560 million people, who form the bulk of the population of India.
School Text Book, School Song Book and School Class Book are your school text books. School Book has a brief description of what is expected from your students in each class. The song of the school is given in your school. Your teacher may have choreographed the School song. Some schools give Standardised tests such as the CBSE Class 5 and Class 6 Maths or English. Your school will set you the target for the standardised test.
The NCERT is a voluntary association of the NCERT board, contributes to the NCERT teaching books and the NCERT supplementary learning material. The NCERT board are also widely known as the Book Bank of India. The NCERT does not own the copyright of any of the text books, they only give the copyright to the author is they wish. So tutors and teachers may not be allowed to use these books or parts of them for private tuition or personal use unless permission has been given from NCERT. 7211a4ac4a